Causes and Consequences of the Academic Migration from BRICS Countries to Developed Economies

Authors

  • Bela Khakhuk Kuban State Technological University
  • Natalia Morgunovа Pacific National University; Far Eastern State Transport University
  • Lydia Nosenko Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education «Orenburg State University»
  • Lyudmila Posokhova Sochi State University
  • Еlena Zatsarinnaya Plekhanov Russian University of Economics

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.34190/ejkm.19.3.2051

Keywords:

academic migration, BRICS, braindrain, foreign academic activity, global research practice, global South and North

Abstract

One of the major problems in the relationship between the Global South and the Global North is the the drain of intellectual capital from the economies and education systems of the most developed countries of the Global South, which bothers both developing countries and some European ones. The purpose of the study is to reveal the reasons for the migration of scientists and students from Brazil, the Russian Federation, India, China, South Africa (BRICS countries) and identify the consequences of the process through the example of a Russian university by studying the characteristics of personal experience and motivation of students and teachers. The research is devoted to the study of academic activity abroad and the attitude of 360 four- and five-year students and 321 teachers at Novosibirsk State University (Novosibirsk, the Russian Federation) towards the practice. The survey results revealed that a relatively small number of respondents (31.07% of teachers and 9.03% of students) have experience of foreign academic activity; the large majority of participants highly assessed the possibility of studying and working abroad (4.87 and 3.48 on a 5-point Likert scale among teachers and students, respectively). The results of the study are in line with the findings of similar studies on academic migration in other BRICS countries; therefore, they can be extrapolated in a broader context. In particular, according to all respondents, the possibility of repeated or circular migration is extremely low (0.88 and 1.61). The research results can help to manage international research and exchange programs, as well as to regulate university training programs and academic migration. The novelty of the study lies in the analysis of the motivation of scientists and students on academic migrating and their assessment of migration intentions based on an example of a single educational institution and region.

Author Biographies

Bela Khakhuk, Kuban State Technological University

Bela Khakhuk is Candidate of Economic Sciences, Docent of the Department of Cadastre and Geoengineering, Kuban State Technological University, Krasnodar, Russian Federation. Research interests: academic migration in Russia.

Natalia Morgunovа, Pacific National University; Far Eastern State Transport University

Natalia Morgunovа is PhD in law, Professor of the Department of State and Legal Disciplines, Pacific National University, Khabarovsk, Russian Federation and Department of Customs Law and Official Activity, Far Eastern State Transport University, Khabarovsk, Russian Federation. Research interests: studding of academic activity abroad.

Lydia Nosenko, Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education «Orenburg State University»

Lydia Nosenko is Candidate of law, Head of Department of Civil Law and Process, Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education «Orenburg State University», Orenburg, Russian Federation. Research interests: foreign academic activity and academic migration in Russia.

Lyudmila Posokhova, Sochi State University

Lyudmila Posokhova is PhD in Pedagogical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Romance-Germanic and Russian Philology, Sochi State University, Sochi, Russian Federation. Research interests: migration of scientists and students from the Brics Countries to Developed Economies.

Еlena Zatsarinnaya, Plekhanov Russian University of Economics

Еlena Zatsarinnaya is Kand. Econ. Sciences, Associate Professor of the Base Department of Financial Control, Analysis and Audit Main Control Department of the City of Moscow, Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Moscow, Russian Federation. Research interests: academic migration in Russia.

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Published

11 Jan 2022

Issue

Section

General Paper