Knowledge Creation on Edible Vaccines

Authors

  • Micaela Martins
  • Madalena Costa
  • Marta Gonçalves
  • Sandra Duarte
  • Manuel Au-Yong-Oliveira

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.34190/ejkm.18.3.2020

Keywords:

traditional vaccines, edible vaccines, field work, mixed methodology, Genetically modified organisms, GMOs

Abstract

In this paper we delve into the health sector and explore the way vaccines might change in the near future. As new challenges emerge, health professionals are faced with the need for innovative, effective answers to many issues, such as health-threatening viruses and diseases, that grow increasingly more complex, calling for new and practical solutions. Building on this framework, we have decided to address edible vaccines - a completely innovative and simpler way to administer vaccines - not only to understand if it is viewed in a favorable light but also to find out how the knowledge regarding these vaccines can be increased. After a thorough literature review, it became clear that the information about edible vaccines is not evident and easy to access. We then decided to apply a mixed methodology in our study, based on 15 interviews, in person and by email, addressing healthcare professionals, with the intent of gathering their experience and possible knowledge about vaccines. Additionally, an online survey was created and answered by 370 concerned citizens, in order to ascertain their knowledge and receptiveness to this matter. Hereupon, we concluded that, in both samples, there was very limited knowledge about these vaccines, it becoming obvious how important it is to transmit qualified information through accessible means, such as newscasts, scientific papers and magazines, health centers and hospitals, among others. Regarding the level of acceptance by the public in general, our results show that this innovation is dependent on its correct disclosure and propagation, since it is of great advantage and benefit for society. In sum, how the relevant knowledge (including proof of effectiveness) is managed and disseminated will be key.

 

traditional vaccines, edible vaccines, field work, mixed methodology, Genetically modified organisms, GMOs

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Published

1 Apr 2021

Issue

Section

General Paper