Using Seci To Improve Teachers’ Pedagogical Content Knowledge


  • Zulfikar Alimuddin
  • Jann Hidajat Tjakraatmadja
  • Achmad Ghazali
  • Henndy Ginting



Pedagogical Content Knowledge, Knowledge Creation, SECI, Teacher, quasi-experiment


Pedagogical Content Knowledge (PCK) is a form of knowledge that has a big role in determining the success of the teaching and learning process in the classroom. Teachers in one school tend to have different levels of PCK, depending on each teacher’s background knowledge and experience. Previous professional teacher development schemes in Indonesia have been held in a way that emphasises the teacher’s individual learning aspects, were held separately between different teaching subjects (such as through a Mandatory Regional Teacher Meetings based on subject matters, known as “MGMP” in Indonesia), and has a lack of documented reports about the impact of that training on teaching. This study offers an alternative way to improve teachers' PCK using the knowledge creation approach. This study used the SECI model to design a procedure to facilitate teachers from the same school to share, externalise, combine, and internalise other teachers’ PCK for their own teaching practice. The procedures of this study have addressed several problems that are found in previous attempts of using PCK in an educational setting. This study found that one cycle of the SECI model could improve teachers' PCK (F(2, 40) = 68,963, p < 0,05) and has the potential to close the gap between teachers’ PCK levels. Further research on an iterative SECI model to improve PCK with a longer timeframe and that evaluates factors that might affect the SECI process is needed to explore the potential of creating a shared perspective of PCK among teachers and create a contextual standard for a school as an educational institution. Exploratory research regarding teachers’ natural knowledge sharing and knowledge acquisition is also offered.



13 May 2021



General Paper